Innovation on Command?
Innovation in defense and security is the talk of the town. The coalition treaty of the most likely new German government rides on this wave and envisions establishing a new "Agency for Disruptive Innovation in Cybersecurity and Core Technologies" (ADIC) to be established under the joint leadership of the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of the Interior. In a new paper published by Denkdwürdigkeiten, the Journal of the Politico-Military Society, Heiko Borchert argues that four factors are important for ADIC to succeed: (1) Be clear about what the strive for innovation is expected to achieve, (2) launch light house projects that underline how innovation can be achieved and how concepts and technology development need to match in order to accomplish operational added value, (3) incentivize, set up, and nurture a broad eco-system taking into account various different stakeholders, and (4) engage in market development, in particular view a view on exports.Innovation on Command
Defense Intellectual Capital Protection by Patents
Contemporary defense industrial strategies are driven by the assumption that innovative defense systems require global defense supply chains. Evidence based on patent filings by Airbus and Boeing suggests otherwise, argue Heiko Borchert and Christian Helmenstein in a paper published by European Security & Defence. They find that the strategic relevance of international cooperation to produce innovation is not as straightforward as commonly perceived. It seems that patent filings are more important to protect prouct development and market shares rather than to genuinly enable innovation work. This finding is important in view of Europe's strive for defense industrial competitivenessDefense Intellectual Capital Protection by Patents
Geopolitics for Managers: Presentation at the GCSP
Recently, the Financial Times argued that should play a prominent role in business school curricula. Against the background of fundamenal shifts in the current international system, the Geneva Center for Security Policy organized a two-day course in November 2017 to raise awareness for geopolitics among corporate leaders. Heiko Borchert gave a presentation on doing business in a chainging geostrategic environment. Among other things he said that strategic flows that are essential for global supply security will come under increasing pressure as a result of the geostrategic competition that grows ever more intense. He also talked about initiatives designed to create an alternative international financial architecture. In addition, Heiko Borchert also argued that in today's environment access to promising export markets in emerging countries is hardly possible without technology transfer. This, in turn, prompts challenging questions with regard to the interplay of sharing technology while at the same time keeping abreast of future competitors.
Innovation and Maritime Security. Presentation for EDA Conference
The future maritime domain might prompt the need for more unmanned and autonomous systems, but the way to achieve this will be challenging. This was one of the messages of Heiko Borchert's presentation at the Martime Security Conference organied by the European Defence Agency in Crete on 16 November 2017. Speaking on the panel addressing the interplay of innovation and technology, the presentation provided a glimpse into the future naval environment, addressed the current state of play for unmanned systems at sea out outlined building blocks for the way into the future.
Seapower in the Eastern Mediterranean: Geoeconomic Perspectives
The Eastern Mediterranean links Europe, North Africa, and Asia and therefore plays a key role in international politics. The region is in flux, but most discussions focus on developments ashore. In order to broaden and expand public discussion, the 2017 Kiel International Seapower Symposium focused on maritime security challenges in the Eastern Mediterranean. Together with RADM (ret) Chris Parry, University of Reading, Georgios Protopapas, Center for International Strategic Analyses, and Dr Eric Thompson, Center for Strategic Studies at the Center for Naval Analyses, Heiko Borchert outlined the region's economic and strategic relevance. Heiko Borchert's presentation set the scene by looking at important economic aspects such as trade relations, patterns of foreign direct investment, port infrastructure, defense trade, and energy security.
UDT 2017: The Future Naval Environment
How is the naval environment going to look like in 2050? This question was at the heart of the panel discussion at the 3rd day of the 2017 UDT, which took place on 30 May to 1 June 2017 in Bremen, Germany. RADM (ret) Simon Williams, Chairman Defence & Security, Clarion Events, moderated the discussion with Lee Willett, naval analyst and former editor of Jane's Navy International, and Heiko Borchert. Lee Willett provided a comprehensive view on upcoming naval procurement programs and gave a detailed overview of current and likely future fleet sizes in Europe, the US and beyond. Against this background, Heiko Borchert shed light on some of the trends likely to shape the undersea world out to 2050. In particular he talked about economic developments and demographic trends - the latter are not only important for future recuritment and crew concepts, but will also likely influence government's future spending priorities and societal risk preferences.
Dutch Navy AUV Symposium in Den Helder
How are Navies currently using unmanned maritime systems? This was one of the questions addressed at the 2017 AUV Symposium organized by the Command of the Dutch Mine Divers on 17 May 2017 in Den Helder. In his presentation, Heiko Borchert argued that the advent of unmanned systems is an important development, but the benefits of undersea autonomy are not yet self-evident. Why and how unmanned systems can be used to achieve operational benefits needs to be explained. He provided an overview of different operational use cases across the globe, thereby focusing in particular on the United States, Russia, and China. Heiko Borchert underlined that for undersea autonomy to succeed, navies, industry, and academia need to pay more attention to the interplay between technology, operational needs, concepts, and the organiaztional environment in which navies operate.
NDU Presentation: Undersea Autonomy in a Changing Maritime Conflict Picture
Changes in the maritime conflict picture are very likely to drive the use of unmanned systems, in particular in the undersea domain, Heiko Borchert argued in a presentation at the Eisenhower School, National Defense University, in Washington, DC. The future maritime domain will be more congested and contested thus turning today's high value assets into tomorrow's high value targes. This could open the door for distributed capabilities and autonomous sysetms, he argued. In his presentation for the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Industry Studies group, Heiko Borchert gave an overview of the current state of play of undersea autonomy with reference to the United States, Russia, and China as well as trends in the Asia-Pacific and the Arabian Gulf region. Among other things, the discussion with the students focused on the 2016 Glider incident as a challenge for strategic communications, the Third Offset and the challenges in reaching out to the commercial sector, and cyber security in the maritime domain.
Sharpening the Falcon's Claws: How the UAE is Strengthening its Defense Capabilites and Reshaping the National Defense Industrial Base
The UAE is emerging as a serious geoostrategic player that is gradually projecting power beyond the Arabian Gulf into the Eastern Mediterranean as well as Northern and Eastern Africa. The country's growing economic ties with trade partners in the Asia-Pacific region drive its strategic interests eastwards thus outlining the future geostrategic trajectory of the UAE. Right on time for IDEX2017 Heiko Borchert and Shehab al Makahleh analyze how this shift unfolds in an new paper published by European Defence & Security. The paper shows how this shiftdrives the UAE's procurement and defense industrial priorities, and sheds light on upcoming collaborative defense industrial opportunities.Sharpening the Falcon's Claws
Waiting for Disruption?! Undersea Autonomy and the Challenging Nature of Naval Innovation
This paper co-authored by Heiko Borchert, Tim Kraemer and Daniel mahon looks at the mechanics of military innovation to sound a cautionary note on the current and future use of undersea autonomy. It starts from the premise that undersea autonomy is not yet as inevitable and disruptive as many believe. In particular, this is because of the current threat environment, the limited scope of current missions for unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs), and the prevailing technology push. For undersea autonomy to lead to disruptive and discontinuous changes in undersea warfare, navies will need to understand how to translate technological advancements into operational advantages. This will require navies, industry and science partners to develop a better understanding of the interplay between operational needs, cultural predispositions, organisational and resource needs, and technological options. The paper has been published in the RSIS Working Paper series of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore.Waiting for Disruption?!